Oudh

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Scope note
Refers generally to paintings in the former Mughal style created in the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries in Lucknow in the Oudh region of India. After the Mughal empire collapsed in the late seventeenth and early eighteenth centuries, a shadow of the imperial painting style was kept going by copying older paintings, usually by refugee artists who fled the sacks of Dehli. The paintings produced here show a fusion of Mughal and Rajput themes and styles. Other sites where refugee painters worked were Patna, Fyzabad, and Murshidabad; in all of these places, a Western influence crept into some of the paintings as the British became patrons. Company style painting flourished here as well in the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries; Lucknow artists produced paintings of a wide range of subject matter, including panoramas which reflected the contemporary vogue for such works in England.
Oudh
Accepted term: 20-May-2024