Triticum (genus)

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Scope note
Genus containing various annual grasses of wide climatic adaptability that have been cultivated for food since prehistoric times and are now cultivated in most temperate areas for the grain they yield, particularly T. aestivum and T. turgidum. The tall stalks (about 1 m) have heads of grain that are primarily ground into flour for pasta and bread. Wheat grain is also used for making starch, alcohol (beer), and feeding livestock. It contains carbohydrates (70%), proteins (11-15%), minerals, and vitamins. The wheat straw (stalks) are used for fodder, papermaking, and bedding.
Accepted term: 15-Jul-2024